Advice for women cyclists in 1895
Regarding footnote 2, kerosene lights for bicycles were used by the end of the 19th century. Presumably if your lights were off at dusk, the cyclist should not neglect the cry of “lights out” from a helpful passer-by and turn them on. Or the reverse at dawn.
I very much doubt an American cycling club in the 1890’s would deal in kilometres. Equally I don’t see 100 mile or even 100km outings being common at a time when “ women’s frailty” was so meticulously guarded. Tokyo Olympics 1964 was the first such event to allow women to run further than the 400 metres.